Georgia is home to 41 different snakes. Of these 41, only 6 are venomous.
All of the snakes pictured below except for the coral snake are pit vipers. Some common characteristics of Georgia's pit vipers is that they all have pits on each side of their head located in between each eye and nostril. These pit vipers also have eliptical pupils as a cat does. Pit vipers are heavy bodied snakes meaning that they are thicker than most non-venomous snakes of the same length. The pit vipers also have triangular shaped heads as do many of Georgia's non-venomous snakes. On the under side of the tail of a non-venomous snake, the scales are divided into two rows. A venomous snake has one row of scales underneath the tail. So, many factors have to be met in order to determine venomous from non-venomous. The easiest way that I have found is by knowing the above information and also memorizing the skin pattern for the venomous snakes.
Click on a photograph below for more information on that particular snake.